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First Year Seminar: Getting Started

Course taught by Prof. Martha Gach

Library Research

Research 101 - Getting Started in Library Research

Try the steps outlined in this guide for a simple and effective search strategy to find information for your research paper, project or presentation.

What is Peer Reviewed

Peer Reviewed? Refereed?

Peer Review.  The process of obtaining impartial opinions from the research and academic community in order to ascertain whether papers submitted for publication in journals ... are of a sustainable standard. 

Referee.  An independent expert who assists the editor of a journal in evaluating the acceptability of contributions submitted for publication.

Peer Review- Video

Journals vs. Magazines

Criteria for Evaluation

  Scholarly Journals

Popular Magazines


Bibliographies or references included

Usually DO NOT have bibliographies

Authors are experts, often professors at universities or research centers

Authors are often journalists or generalists

Contain articles approved by author's peers (peer reviewed) or refereed

Contain articles chosen by editors who are employed by the magazine or people within a certain trade field

Audience is the scholarly reader, such as professors, researchers, students

Audience is the general population

Standardized formats are usually followed (APA, MLA, etc.)

Various formats which are often unstructured

Written in the jargon of the field

Written for anyone to understand

Any illustrations support the text (maps, tables, photos)

Often illustrated for market appeal

Subject Guide

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Vicki Gruzynski
Office: LRC-212