Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Newspapers and online media: Fake News

All subscribed or accessible online newspaper and media sources.


Here are some resources describing, defining and evaluating fake news, and other hoax media phenomena,with examples:

"Fake news websites (also referred to as hoax news) deliberately publish hoaxes, propaganda, and disinformation — using social media to drive web traffic and amplify their effect. Unlike news satire, fake newswebsites seek to mislead, rather than entertain, readers for financial, political, or other gain." - Fake news website,

Fake News: MLS Resources  (Mass. Library System)

Fake Or Real? How To Self-Check The News And Get The Facts

How to spot fake news (IFLA)   (Poster)

Post-Election, Post-Truth: Beyond 'Fake News' to Media Literacy  

      (1 hr, 3 min. vimeo, Allison Butler,  Mass Media Literacy, lecturer UMass-Amherst)

Fake news website

Fake news (Wikipedia)

Fake news (   Examples

How to spot fake news (Annenberg Center)

Evaluating fake news 

False, misleading, clickbait-y and/or satirical news stories (Merrimack College) Evaluation tips, example urls

The Principles of Newspeak  (1984, George Orwell) (From Orwell's 1984, on Newspeak)