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Newspapers and online media: Fake News

All subscribed or accessible online newspaper and media sources.

Resources

Here are some resources describing, defining and evaluating fake news, and other hoax media phenomena,with examples:

"Fake news websites (also referred to as hoax news) deliberately publish hoaxes, propaganda, and disinformation — using social media to drive web traffic and amplify their effect. Unlike news satire, fake newswebsites seek to mislead, rather than entertain, readers for financial, political, or other gain." - Fake news website, Wikipedia.org

Fake News: MLS Resources  (Mass. Library System)

Fake Or Real? How To Self-Check The News And Get The Facts

How to spot fake news (IFLA)   (Poster)

Post-Election, Post-Truth: Beyond 'Fake News' to Media Literacy  

      (1 hr, 3 min. vimeo, Allison Butler,  Mass Media Literacy, lecturer UMass-Amherst)

Fake news website

Fake news (Wikipedia)

Fake news (Snopes.com)   Examples

How to spot fake news (Annenberg Center)

Evaluating fake news 

False, misleading, clickbait-y and/or satirical news stories (Merrimack College) Evaluation tips, example urls

The Principles of Newspeak  (1984, George Orwell) (From Orwell's 1984, on Newspeak)